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The cold winter air often wreaks havoc on our skin, and your scalp is no exception. Regardless of your hair type, you may find that your scalp becomes dry, itchy, and flaky as the seasons change. Over time, dry scalp can lead to soreness and even hair loss.

Dry scalp is different from dandruff and other scalp conditions. Dry scalp is caused by a loss of moisture, and it’s characterized by white, loose, powdery flakes. Dandruff, on the other hand, results in more yellowish flakes that cling to the scalp.

Unfortunately, many of us find ourselves with dry scalp in the winter, when the air strips our skin of moisture every time we step outside. That’s OK – you just need to switch up your hair routine with the seasons.

Here’s how to bring back the healthy scalp you know and love.

1. Wash your hair less often. Shampooing your hair strips it of its natural oils, especially if you use a shampoo with sulfates. If you need to wash your hair daily, switch to a sulfate-free shampoo, a co-wash, or gentle cleanser. If possible, it’s great to wash your hair 2-3 times a week rather than daily. This allows your scalp to produce a balanced amount of oil.

2. Regular hair masks. Masks aren’t just for your face! Hair masks are excellent for minimizing flakes and dryness. Look for a mask that delivers intense hydration, and make sure to massage it into your scalp as well as your hair. You can also apply heat for more penetrating moisture.

3. Drink more water. Moisturize your skin from the inside out by drinking more water. The more hydrated that you are, the more hydrated that your skin will be, which is especially important in winter.

4. Condition properly. Always condition your hair after you shampoo – no exceptions! Also, don’t skimp on the conditioner. Your scalp needs conditioner, too, not just your hair. Massage the conditioner generously into your skin before rinsing.

5. Use oils wisely. Oil treatments can do wonders for a dry scalp, but over-using oils will do more harm than good. Try massaging olive oil, jojoba oil, or coconut oil into your scalp before you shampoo. This prevents the shampoo from totally stripping your scalp of moisture, while also not leaving too much oil on the skin.

6. Relieve itchiness. When you’re experiencing extreme dryness, it’s hard to resist the urge to scratch. Reduce itchiness and inflammation with natural ingredients like tea tree oil, eucalyptus oil, chamomile, and peppermint. Apple cider vinegar is another excellent option – it removes build-up and relieves itchiness while balancing your scalp’s pH and moisture level.

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Must-Have Cut Flowers for Bouquets

While the farmer was once responsible for simply putting food on the table, many farmers are now finding themselves in a new role as floral artists, as the market for cut flowers continues to take deeper roots, grow taller, and bloom quickly. Cut flowers are one of the most profitable “crops” per square acre than nearly any other undertaking, luring even the most macho farmers into the business. Whether you are looking to take flowers to market or simply pluck your own centerpiece from your front yard, you’ll never cease to please when including these eye-catching blossoms in your arrangements.

Zinnias (Zinnia spp.)

Zinnias are by far one of the easiest flowers to grow, and the diversity of varieties amongst zinnias are beyond plentiful. Amongst the extensive list of varieties out there, you can find this flower in nearly any color with many varieties multi-colored. These focal flowers also come in an an assortment of shapes and sizes, all with long stems most suitable for bouquet-building. Zinnias thrive in heat and can often withstand drought conditions once established. Not only do they grow quickly and require little on the side of fertilizer or amendments, most zinnias serve as “cut-and-come again” flowers, meaning you’ll only have to plant once to harvest throughout the entire season.

Dahlias (Dahlia spp.)

Dahlias are one of the most sought-after flowers by florists as these stunning blooms are often featured in weddings and serve as a darling centerpiece for any bouquet. Dahlias come in different size varieties from the medium-sized 4 inch blooms, like the Cornel or Critchon Honey varieties, to the 8 to 10 inch dinner plate varieties. The diversity of colors amongst dahlias are unmatched amongst its cut flower friends, ranging from hues of soft whites, pinks, yellows, and oranges to shades of bright red to deep maroon.

Purchase dahlias as tubers and plant them horizontally 6-8 inches deep in a moist, but not saturated soil. The bud should be facing upwards. Be sure the ground temperatures have reached at least 60 degrees before planting, often late April or early May for most places. Wait to water until the dahlias sprout above the soil surface! Stake tall varieties when planting as to not disturb the delicate tubers later on.

Sunflowers (Helianthus spp.)

Who doesn’t love sunflowers? Sunflowers are iconic to those good summertime-feels, supplying bright color to a home garden or to a market bouquet. There are two main types of sunflowers that are actually quite different from one another. Single-stem varieties, such as the Sunrich or the ProCut series, will produce one flower for each planted seed. Single-stemmed sunflowers have long, sturdy stems and come to bloom quickly, often about 60 days. Spacing between single-stemmed varieties will determine the bloom size; the more room for each plant, the larger the bloom.

Single-stemmed varieties are pollenless, prized for their durability in bouquets. For a steady flow of flowers throughout the season, you will need to succession plant these sunflowers about every two weeks. Branching varieties, on the other hand, will bloom multiple times throughout the season from a single plant. The stems are shorter, and each plant will need a considerable amount of space, blooming typically around 90 days. Branching varieties can make a great addition to a home garden for an endless supply of blooms throughout the summer. Whether you choose to grow single-stemmed or branching sunflowers, these resilient flowers will last up to 10 days in a vase.


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