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Weaning foals is an important task that has to be done. But it can be a very challenging task for horse owners who have little experience with weaning. You may (unintentionally) use methods that could be harmful to a foal, so it is very important to treat the weaning process with care.

Foal Preparation

Prepare your baby horse for the task by allowing her to stay with the dam for a period of time after birth (since her only source of food and optimum nutrition is from the mother’s milk). As she grows older however, she should be weaned from mom for her own physical and emotional well-being. Foal weaning can start as soon as three months from birth. Weaning beyond six months may be very difficult and emotionally damaging to a foal.

Since foals also have individual personalities, you might not want to wean them at the same time. You will know if the time is right if a foal is already comfortable with eating solid food and shows signs of independent socialization skills separate from its mother. Foals that are a bit timid may take longer to wean. And always make sure that your foal is in very good health before you begin the weaning process.

Rancher and expert in all things equine, Kevin Oliver says that sight and sound are two of the most important things about weaning. If the baby can hear or see the mare, it’s stressful on both, so the best policy is to wean out of sight and sound. See if you can take the mare off the property for a few days just to be safe.

Weaning method

Once a foal is able to eat solid food she will increasingly seek solids. A horse owner may choose between feeding the foal in a stable or on the pasture away from the mare. And feeding on the pasture allows foals better opportunities to socialize with other foals.

Wherever a horse owner chooses to keep foals, it is important to ensure that the area is safe and secure. Foals generally feel anxious when weaning and may run away or harm themselves. Think of everything, from securing fencing to removing anything your foal may hurt itself on like sharp nearby objects in case she becomes violent over the sudden change. If she does have a violent mood swing, don’t worry too much. It is temporary and she will calm down soon enough.

Socialization: human and horse

Human interaction is extremely important and you should teach your foal to get used to being handled by humans early which will also make weaning a bit easier. And if you have more than one to wean, the company of other weaning foals will also help to keep her calm.

Yes, this is quite the process that needs to be handled with care. But once your foal is weaned, she will soon grow into a healthy, happy horse.

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Funding Your Farm: How to Apply for Farm Grants

For many folks, the biggest roadblock to starting a farm is funding. It may be tempting to turn to a high-interest bank loan to get started, especially if you don’t know what your other options are. The key to solving this problem is having a sound financial plan and carefully exploring all of your options.

In addition to a traditional bank loan, you might consider using investors or starting small and expanding as funds become available. However, there is another option that many farmers aren’t aware of or just don’t know much about. Farm grants are an option that should be considered by any potential farmer.

A grant is a one-time endowment of money given by the government or some other organization that must be used for a specific purpose that will be outlined in the terms of the grant. Fortunately for the future farmer, there has been a renewed interest in farming in recent years, and with that renewed interest has come additional opportunities for obtaining a farm grant.

You may be surprised to find out that there are many generous donors out there that are willing to support the future farmer! In fact, many grants go unawarded every year. Sometimes an organization is searching for a qualifying applicant, but they just haven’t found the right person. Believe it or not, there’s money out there just waiting for the perfect person to come along and claim it! Maybe that person is you!

How does the application process work?

You’ll start by finding the right grant to apply for. An organization or company will put out a notice that a grant is available. The announcement will include information about who is eligible and how to qualify. There are several websites that list available grants according to their qualifications, or you can go to and use their search tool to find federal grants that you would like to apply for. The USDA website also has a list of loans and grants available for farmers. You’ll want to read through all the qualifications carefully to be sure you are eligible before you apply. Be sure to note the application deadline of any grant you are interested in applying for.

Once you find the best grant or grants for you, it’s time to apply. You will usually need to fill out several forms and submit them on the website or by email. After the application deadline is reached, a panel of judges will assess the merit of each applicant. If there were a lot of applicants for a particular grant, this process might take a while.

Once the panel evaluates each application, they will choose the top applicant(s). The winner(s) will be notified, and the process of actually awarding the money starts. In most cases, there will be some more paperwork involved to ensure that the money changes hands smoothly and legally. Some grants will check in with you at some point to make sure the money is being used for its intended purpose, while others will happily award the money and walk away.

Three Grant Categories Farmers Should Consider

There’s a grant out there for just about everyone. Here are three categories of grants that most farmers should consider.

  • Corporate or Private Grants: Big corporations and individuals often offer grant opportunities for things they believe will be good for the community. These types of grants are often offered through school programs. When you are looking for grants to apply for, always check corporate websites and ask around your local community to see if there are any corporate or private grants available that you might qualify for.
  • Agricultural Initiatives: This type of grant often focuses on crop research, supporting local farmers, or improving the general state of agriculture. A good example is the Specialty Crop Block Grant Program. This particular grant is focused on developing specific crops. It allows for experimenting with the hydroponic compatibility of those crops so it might be a good one to apply for if you are interested in becoming a hydroponic grower.
  • Federal/State School Grants: These are grants that focus on improving student health, nutrition, or educational opportunities throughout the country or their specific state.
Tips for Filling Out Your Grant Application

1. Be Clear About Your Needs and Goals

Before you start filling out your application, take the time to learn how to create a business plan. Having a business plan will help you determine your primary goal. It will also help you figure out exactly how much funding you need. When you fill out your application, you’ll want to be as clear as possible about your needs and goals. This will be essential for the panel that evaluates your application. The more detailed you are, the more appealing your application will be.

2. Learn from Other Successful Applicants

Do some research before you start filling out your application. Read through as many successful grant writing examples as you can find. You can find a lot of examples online or ask around your local community. Even if the example isn’t farming related, there’s still a lot you can learn. Consider how the writer expressed their goals, the language they used, and any ideas they expressed in their applications that inspired the evaluation panel. When you begin writing your own proposal, apply what you’ve learned to help you make your application more appealing. Make sure your application is original though; you don’t want to copy and paste someone else’s ideas.

3. Apply for the Right Grant

Once you’ve created a business plan and researched other proposals, be sure the grant you are applying for is the right one for you. Those who choose to offer grants are usually looking to support folks who have opinions, goals, and outlooks that match their own. Make sure your proposal demonstrates a substantial alignment with their purpose. Don’t hesitate to ask the organization for more information if you are unclear what their goals are.

If your ideals are totally different from the grant you’re applying for, you may wish to consider applying for a different grant. That’s not to say that you can’t expand on your own individual plans and goals, but don’t waste your time applying for a grant that’s completely off base from what you’re hoping to accomplish.

If all of this sounds a little overwhelming, don’t worry! Most grant applications will provide guidelines and a list of points they want you to address. And, don’t limit yourself to applying for only one grant! The more grants you apply for, the better your proposals will get, and the greater your chances will be of getting the funding you need!

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