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by Gail Kavanagh

For the gardener, recycling is nothing new. Composting is one of the most ancient methods of recycling in the garden, saving vegetable peelings to create improved soil. But the modern gardener in the disposable age has even more sources for useful recycling.

1: Solid Packaging.

Solid polystyrene foam is an excellent material for recycling in the garden. It comes in many guises, as packing for new furniture and appliances, and boxes for freighting fruit and vegetables. Polystyrene packing with shallow depressions moulded to go around appliances can be used for raising seeds, no matter what their shape. Drill holes, or poke a warm knitting needle through the bottom of the packing shape to create drainage, and fill with soil. You can set these trays on shelves in your greenhouse.

The boxes used to take fruit and vegetables to market are even more useful, especially if you don’t have much space for gardening, or you live in a rented property when you can’t disturb the lawn to plant vegetables. Poke drainage holes in the bottom of the boxes with a screwdriver and fill them with soil to make a garden you can take with you when you move.

You can grow most vegetables quite successfully in these boxes, and they make excellent kitchen gardens for herbs. You can put your herbs close to the kitchen or on the patio for easy access. Polystyrene boxes are also excellent on balconies and in courtyards, meaning you can have fresh vegetables no matter where you live.

2: Broken crockery

If you break plates and mugs, don’t waste this invaluable resource. Put the shards in the bottom of your pots and boxes before you add the soil, and they will improve drainage. Save anything that gets broken, including flower pots, as these can be really effective drainage.

3: Plastic sheeting

If you don’t have a greenhouse, you can rig up a very simple but effective substitute using plastic sheeting. This can be old shower curtains, or any other plastic sheets that would otherwise be discarded. Cover a simple framework, such as an indoor clothes dryer frame, with the sheeting and set your seedlings inside. Alternatively you can use bamboo poles to rig up a plastic tent over your seed boxes.

4: Non-recyclable plastic bottles

The plastics industry may not be able to use them, but the gardener sure can. To force seeds or protect them from frost, just cut the bottles in half, and set the lower half over seedlings you want to protect. You can pierce holes in the bottom half with a heated nail for drainage and fill with soil to start your seeds, setting another bottom half over the top to create a mini greenhouse. The top halves of the bottles make good funnels so don’t throw them away.

5: Newspaper and junk mail

Mulching is another way you can recycle in your garden, by using sheets of newspaper and unwanted junk mail shredded and laid between your plants. Soak the paper with water to form a mulch that will discourage weeds and keep the moisture in the soil. Old cardboard boxes and packaging can also be recycled in this way.

6: Egg cartons

Used paper based egg boxes have so many uses in a garden, that they should never been thrown away until they can’t be used anymore – and even then they can be put in the compost or shredded for mulch. The egg ‘cups’ can be used for raising seeds in your plastic sheet greenhouse while waiting for the frosts to pass.. Just fill the egg shaped depressions with soil, plant two or three seeds in each one, and when your seedlings are ready, separate the egg cups with scissors and plant each one as it is..

7: Any old rubbish

When you are clearing up the clutter in the house, set aside anything that can be recycled in the garden – and that is almost anything. Items like rusted or worn pots and pans, old gumboots and colanders can be recycled as pots for plants. Make holes in the bottom if there aren’t any, line with sphagnum moss and fill with good quality potting soil. Colanders can be used as hanging baskets if you fix chains to the edge. Turn scraps of fabric into garden kneelers to get up close and personal with the weeds in comfort. Turn scraps and odds and ends into garden art with solder and strong glue. Look at everything with a new eye – a large iron wok can become a fire pit, crates can be covered in cushions for seating and discarded tables and chairs can be painted white and find a new home under a shady tree.

Gardeners recycle their seeds every year, so it is second nature to find new uses for old stuff. Before you throw it out, check it out for recycling in your garden.

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Why Your Lifestyle Needs Proper Skin Care

Your skin is the first line of defense against disease and infection as it helps to protect your body from all the contaminants we come across each day, and gives protection against the ultraviolet rays. As useful as the skin is to us, it is also the first organ that shows signs of aging. While we might have lived without things like wrinkle creams or moisturizers when we were younger and more resilient, as we age some degree of skin care is inevitable. Keeping your skin healthy should be the most important part of your beauty routine.

Skincare Dos

Wear sunscreen

As much as everyone loves to feel the sun on their skin, it’s good to protect yourself from the direct rays of the sun. UV rays can cause wrinkles and skin cancer, so apply sunscreen whenever you are going to be in the sun, even if only for a little while. Skin around the face, chest, neck and hands, are the most sensitive to UV rays and yet these are always exposed, so make sure to always apply sunscreen to these areas.

Eat healthy foods

Vegetables and fruits are packed full of antioxidants which are chemical compounds that cam help in breaking down cancer-causing free radicals in the body. Free radicals also cause cell damage to the skin. Include colourful vegetables and fruits in every meal for healthy and glowing skin. Also take a lot of vitamins C, E, A and beta carotene.

Treat your skin gently

Contrary to some recent news, scrubbing the skin or exfoliating too often is not good for your skin. Be very gentle when massaging cleanser into your face. Do not rub but go in upward circular motions until whatever you are using is properly absorbed. The skin loses its elasticity as you grow older, so avoid rubbing or pulling it to prevent sagging.

Exfoliate only to remove dead skin cells

The skin renews itself by generating new cells and shedding the old one at the surface so exfoliation helps to remove the dead skin cells. But if you have dry skin, ensure that you do not over-exfoliate because it may become flaky and unattractive. Exfoliating once or twice a week is okay for people with dry skin. People with oily and normal skin however, can exfoliate more frequently; up to 3 or 4 times per week. Make sure to use a gentle exfoliator that is appropriate for your skin type and again, don’t over do it.

Drink plenty of water

Water flushes out toxins and improves circulation. Try to drink at least eight glasses of water to keep your skin looking soft and supple.

Get enough sleep

Apart from the fact that lack of sleep tells on your skin, it also affects your overall health. If you are always tired you are not at your most productive anyway, so why not call it a night and get the rest you need? Sleeping well will not only help to reduce your stress levels but it will also give your skin time to regenerate itself.

Apply eye cream

The skin around your eyes is some of the most sensitive, delicate skin on the entire body. Take care of it by applying a nightly eye cream.

Always moisturize

Moisturized skin is happy skin! Your skin will naturally plump up after applying moisturizer which helps to straighten out the wrinkles. Apply moisturizer when your skin is still damp from your shower or bath – this will lock in moisture and keep your skin looking plump and healthy all day long.

Skincare Don’ts

Don’t smoke

If you need motivation to quit, just take some time to examine the skin of long-term smokers. No offense to them, but even a smoker will admit that it will make your skin yellowish and unattractive with lots of wrinkles around the lips. So quit. Today. Your skin will thank you for years to come.

Never use body soap on the face

These types of soaps are meant for use below the neck. Only use cleansers that are made for the face because they are much gentler on delicate skin.

Don’t be sporadic about your skincare

Cleanse and moisturize every day to offset the pollution and other toxins your skin is exposed to on a daily basis. When you apply skincare products, use them properly. Five minutes in the morning and five minutes in the evening can make a huge difference for your skin over a lifetime.

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