Even though I’ve described the process of farming and tending to a vegetable garden to be rewarding, I never said that it would be easy, or free from problems. It’s probable that you came across a lot of problems while growing your crops and I’ll be discussing a few common ones for which a solution will also be provided.
A very common problem faced by first-time farmers is that seedlings don’t emerge after they sow seeds. Here’s why this is happening:
- It’s likely that they still need some time, so you should wait it out.
- The weather’s cold: wait for it to get warmer and if they still don’t sprout, then replant
- Your soil isn’t moist Water it.
- If you can’t find seeds at all, it’s possible that insects or birds ate Replant them but keep them protected with netting.
- The last possible reason could be that you’re using an old seed that won’t sprout Try purchasing fresh ones.
Lifeless Seedlings and Dead Plants
A frequent complaint I hear from home farmers is that their seedlings and young plants die very soon after they’ve sprouted. If not that, they appeared wilted.
- Not enough moisture: water your soil evenly.
- Too much moisture: overwatering your seedlings causes damping. Sow your new seeds in a clean seed-starting mix and give your soil a dose of fungicide before planting.
- The roots or stems rotted: this can happen due to overwatering so add some healthy organic matter i.e. compost to your soil before replanting.
- They appear burned due to fertilizer. If you intend to use a fertilizer with seedlings, then mix it well into the soil before planting.
- Otherwise, it’s due to pests. You can keep them away by using row covers or keeping your garden clean and free from weeds and plant debris.
Plants are Wilting
- Your soil is either too dry or waterlogged. Water if dry, drain out in case of excess water.
- Your plants may be affected by a disease, so replant varieties that are disease-resistant and keep your beds free from weeds and plant waste.
- The plant may be suffering from a type of vascular wilt. Fix this by re-growing disease-resistant varieties, practice crop rotation or soil solarization before you plant.
- They’re not getting enough sunlight: relocate your plants in an area that gets plenty of sunshine.
- You’ve overwatered the soil. Practice better drainage.
- It’s probable that you’re growing all your plants in close proximity to each other. Make sure to give them enough room when you replant.
- You’ve added too much fertilizer. Excess nitrogen can weaken a plant so quit it with the extra fertilizing.
These are just a few of the problems that you’ll come across in your garden, that I’ve given solutions for. I know there are plenty more; I’ll tell you how to fix those issues too. Till then, happy farming!