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Composting is a fantastic way to minimize waste. It helps uses up food scraps while creating high quality soil for gardening.

Here’s how you can start composting right now.

Choose a bin and location

There’s a variety of both indoor and outdoor compost options. Some people prefer to buy fancy composters, but all you really need is some wire. I made my compost bins out of rolled fencing wire: I simply formed a circle with the wire and fastened it shut with zip ties.

Choose the right location for your compost bins. I put mine outside to minimize smell, bugs, and mess. Pick a spot that’s out of the way but easily accessible.

Fill it!

Compost is made of three types of materials:

  1. Dirt: you need existing dirt to help your compost form.
  2. Brown materials: These are dry things like leaves, hay, and shredded paper.
  3. Green materials: This includes grass trimmings and veggie leftovers.

Use these three types of materials to layer and fill your compost bin. The key to great compost is layering, so make sure you do this step!

  1. Layer 1: Fill it with six inches of brown materials, and then a layer of good soil on top of that. Hose with water.
  2. Layer 2: On top of layer one, add six inches of green material topped with more dirt. Hose again with water.
  3. Repeat this process until your compost bin is full. Remember to turn the compost every two weeks. This will help the materials break down more quickly by exposing them to air.

Compost is simple, but it can be finicky. Avoid putting these items in your compost or it will be unsafe to use:

  • Fat
  • Dairy
  • Feces
  • Meat
Use it

Composting is a waiting game. Some composts are ready to use in a matter of months, while others take a year to develop. It depends on the materials in your compost and how often you turn it.

Once it’s done, use compost for all your soil needs. It provides essential nutrients to plants and can even improve vegetable and fruit output. Compost whenever possible to prevent waste and grow better plants.

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What Causes Weak Nails?

There’s no shortage of products on the market to strengthen nails and reduce splitting and breakage; but how well do these products really work? Is it even possible to make nails stronger?

What Causes Weak Nails?

If you have weak nails, you can blame it partially on your mom and dad. Weak nails are genetic to some degree, and some people naturally have tougher, stronger nails. There’s not a lot you can do about that; but be sure you’re not contributing to the problem by eating a poor diet.

Fingernails are made of a protein called keratin, so protein malnutrition can cause weak nails – as can certain vitamin and mineral deficiencies – such as a lack of B vitamins and zinc. Occasionally, a medical problem such as an underactive thyroid causes nails to be brittle. It’s a good idea to have a blood test to rule out these problems.

To Make Nails Stronger, Stop Using Nail Polish Remover

Some people indirectly contribute to the problem of weak nails by exposing their hands to harsh detergents and chemicals. One of the biggest problems people have is overusing nail polish removal products. Nail polish remover weakens the nail plate which causes the entire nail to grow in weaker. Nail polish removers are also too drying. If you have to use one, look for one that’s acetone-free.

What Can You Do to Make Nails Stronger?

Some people drink gelatin in hopes of strengthening their nails, but there’s little evidence to support its benefits. How about vitamins? Taking mega-doses of biotin had some benefit in a Swiss study, but the amounts needed to strengthen the nail were quite high.

The Power of Moisture to Strengthen Brittle Nails

If fingernails are weak and brittle, adding moisture helps. One of the best ways to reduce splitting is to apply petroleum jelly to the hands, put on a pair of cotton gloves, and leave them on overnight. Soaking the fingernails in almond oil or olive oil also helps moisturize the nail and reduce brittleness.

What about Commercial Nail Hardeners to Strengthen Nails?

Don’t waste your money. Some of these products dry out fingernails and make the problem worse. Eat a healthy diet that has enough high quality protein and keep your fingernails well moisturized. Fingernails need a break from nail polish and nail polish remover – so give them one as often as possible. Do this consistently and your nails should be less prone to weakness, splitting, and breakage.


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