Composting is a fantastic way to minimize waste. It helps uses up food scraps while creating high quality soil for gardening.
Here’s how you can start composting right now.
Choose a bin and location
There’s a variety of both indoor and outdoor compost options. Some people prefer to buy fancy composters, but all you really need is some wire. I made my compost bins out of rolled fencing wire: I simply formed a circle with the wire and fastened it shut with zip ties.
Choose the right location for your compost bins. I put mine outside to minimize smell, bugs, and mess. Pick a spot that’s out of the way but easily accessible.
Compost is made of three types of materials:
- Dirt: you need existing dirt to help your compost form.
- Brown materials: These are dry things like leaves, hay, and shredded paper.
- Green materials: This includes grass trimmings and veggie leftovers.
Use these three types of materials to layer and fill your compost bin. The key to great compost is layering, so make sure you do this step!
- Layer 1: Fill it with six inches of brown materials, and then a layer of good soil on top of that. Hose with water.
- Layer 2: On top of layer one, add six inches of green material topped with more dirt. Hose again with water.
- Repeat this process until your compost bin is full. Remember to turn the compost every two weeks. This will help the materials break down more quickly by exposing them to air.
Compost is simple, but it can be finicky. Avoid putting these items in your compost or it will be unsafe to use:
Composting is a waiting game. Some composts are ready to use in a matter of months, while others take a year to develop. It depends on the materials in your compost and how often you turn it.
Once it’s done, use compost for all your soil needs. It provides essential nutrients to plants and can even improve vegetable and fruit output. Compost whenever possible to prevent waste and grow better plants.