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Leaf mold is a substance that’s made from decomposing leaves. As leaves rot, they break down into leaf mold, which is a grainy, crumbly, black matter. Although this process takes up a lot of time, preferably one or two years, it’s not much of a problem since leaf mold doesn’t have to be applied regularly.

How Does It Work?

Although leaf mold isn’t considered to be very rich in the nutrients your soil needs (because it’s primarily composed of dead leaves) what it does is acts as a conditioner for your soil, greatly improving its texture. Additionally, it gives your soil better structure and enhances its ability to retain more water, which is helpful in the event that a heavy rain spell occurs.

Making Leaf Mold


Start by setting up space where you’ll store all the decaying leaves. Since we’re all urban city farmers here, it’s probable that you don’t have much space, so using a large garbage bag (the black ones) will do. Just remember to add holes for air circulation. Then you have to keep the bag out of sight because it’s not the most appealing thing you want your guests to see.

Get Leaves

Next, you’ll need to collect the leaves, which sounds easy, but is pretty difficult if you think about how much time will go into the task. To make it easier, you can purchase a garden vacuum or leaf blower. Garden vacuums always have bags attached in which they collect fallen leaves and other debris. You can empty out this bag and separate the leaves from other materials before using them for the leaf mold. Remember not to just use any leaves that come your way, but only ones that are healthy and don’t show any sign of disease. Using leaf mold made from disease-ridden leaves puts your crops at the risk of being affected by the disease too.

Shred ‘em up

If you live in an area that often gets heavy rain during the monsoon season, then leaf mold is a staple for you because it prevents soil from getting waterlogged. In this case, you’ll need your leaves to decay quickly. An easy way to do that is to shred them before adding them to your leaf mold bag. If you have a garden shredder, you can effortlessly shred your leaves into thin pieces. Otherwise, simply use a rotary mower on the leaves a few times. It isn’t essential that you shred your leaves, but it does speed up the process because otherwise, large leaves can keep air from circulating and enhancing the process of decomposition.

Bag Them

Add your shredded leaves to the large garbage bag and spray a little water when the leaves reach the top. Tie the bag from the top and leave it in a nicely shaded part of your garden.

Leave and Shake

Now you have to keep your leaves away for a period of 1 to 2 years for them to decompose. Remember to turn them over every month or so to keep them from getting compacted while increasing air circulation. Keep the leaves moist and you’ll have your leaf mold ready to use in your garden soon. Happy Farming!

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The Beekeeper’s Suit Of Armor (A Simple Checklist)

Every beekeeper wears protective apparel while working with beehives. Some dress in head-to-toe protective clothing, whereas others are minimal. Whether you’re a professional or a novice safely is crucial, otherwise, you’ll get stung frequently. Not to mention, you may already know how painful bee stings are. At times, it can be life-threatening, especially to those who are allergic to bee venom. The best way to avoid bee stings and make your experience pleasant, you need to opt for a proper dress.

Hat and Veil

As a mainstay for every apiarist, veils come in different styles; ranging from round to fencing veils. No matter which one you choose, ensure you get one that offers convenient face protection along with comfort. As veils are made of wire mesh, most of them are lightweight and foldable. However, the round veils are often attached with sombrero; it does not bend easily. Remember that protecting your face is the foremost thing to prevent painful stings.


Whenever you dress in heavy pants and boots, it’s fine to wear a jacket rather than dressing in coveralls. You’ll find most jackets incorporated with veils, however, only a few can be unzipped. Always choose one that is made with cotton or polyester textile and carries fencing veil. Furthermore, ensure that the jacket is – and should consist of elastic cuffs, high-quality zippers, and pockets. Not to say, this essential accessory is to protect your upper body.


Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced professional, gloves are a must-have for you. While thicker gloves provide a higher level of protection, lighter ones allow you to handle a beehive easily. Depending on your comfort, you must choose gloves that are supple and but not cumbersome. Other than that, ensure that you pick extra-long gloves with elastic band cuffs so that there remains no space for bees to sting. Usually, beekeeping gloves are made from leather, plastic or rubber. So depending on your requirement, select a material accordingly.

Pants and Boots

Whenever you’re wearing a jacket and a veil, and not coveralls, it is a good idea to wear some heavy pants. Beekeeping pants usually come in two fabric materials- cotton, and nylon. Furthermore, your pants should consist of elastic bottoms to prevent any bees from sneaking inside. Avoid wearing tight pants and go for loose-fitting ones; never compromise on comfort and ergonomics. When it comes to footwear, always select long and sturdy boots such as wellingtons.

Final Word to Say

Despite the fact that there is a wide variety of beekeeping gear to choose from, you must select attire that provides you with protection and comfort. Keep in mind that bees are attracted to dark colors, so you should always consider cool colors. Do not wear protective clothing that has patterns, particularly floral designs. Besides that, avoid using fragrances, in fact, scented soaps, oils, and lotions can attract bees.

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